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Minority Patients with Heart Failure Less Likely to Use Hospice Care

Published Date: 
Fri, 2012-07-13

Minority patients with heart failure are less likely to use hospice care than whites, new research finds. Overall, use of hospice care is increasing, according to researchers from Indiana University School of Medicine. Their study found that nonwhite Medicare patients with heart failure were 20 percent less likely to enroll in hospice than white patients. Nonwhite patients were also more likely to drop out of hospice care than whites. The study was published in the June issue of the American Heart Journal.

Racial Disparities in Fetal and First-Day Mortality Rates Persist

Published Date: 
Fri, 2012-07-13

"Despite general improvements in fetal and early infant mortality, racial disparities persisted and improvements in fetal mortality over time among Blacks, when adjusted for maternal characteristics, were not significant," write the authors of an article published in the American Journal of Public Health. The study examined how changes in maternal, sociodemographic, and medical risk factors over time influence changes in fetal, first day, and combined fetal-first day (fetal plus first day) mortality.

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Issues Warning Against Taking Calcium Supplements

Published Date: 
Fri, 2012-07-13

Americans spend more than $1 billion a year on calcium supplements in hopes of staving off osteoporosis, the brittle bone disease that cripples many elderly women and some men. Yet recent studies link calcium supplements to a higher risk of heart attacks and kidney stones. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has issued a draft recommendation against taking calcium and vitamin D, saying there isn't enough evidence of benefit to justify the risk.

Research Examines Different Levels and Patterns of Prenatal Alcohol Consumption and Spontaneous Abortion

Published Date: 
Wed, 2012-05-30

"Consistent with our hypotheses, a significant relation between alcohol use [per] day across pregnancy . . . and spontaneous abortion (SAb) was identified in this selected sample of high-risk, urban African-American women," write the authors of an article published in the May issue of Alcohol. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is a risk factor for many adverse outcomes.

Infant Mortality Rate Decreased Slightly from 2007-2008

Published Date: 
Wed, 2012-05-30

The U.S. infant mortality rate was 6.61 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2008, 2 percent lower than the rate of 6.75 in 2007. Infant mortality rates ranged from 4.51 per 1,000 live births for Asian or Pacific Islander mothers to 12.67 for non-Hispanic black mothers. The rate for non-Hispanic black women declined 5 percent from 2007 to 2008. Infant mortality was higher for male infants and infants born preterm or at low birthweight.

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